Access to clean water and safe sanitation services is essential for human well-being and the environment. Improved water supply and sanitation practices reduce the risk of disease, affecting the productivity and income of millions of rural families in Zambia. Village Water Zambia aims to tackle these challenges through comprehensive integrated approaches that focus on equitable and sustainable access to water, sanitation and hygiene.
The three areas of focus are:
- Infrastructure – this component consists rehabilitation of non functional water supply systems, construction of new water and sanitation facilities, to increase access to safe water and sanitation to vulnerable communities, schools and health facilities. This also involves installation of solar powered water supply systems in rural areas. Village Water Zambia mainly relies on manual drilling technologies to provide water to rural people.
- Sanitation and hygiene Promotion – this component consists two main approaches PHAST and Total demand led sanitation approaches. PHAST approach is mostly used under the peri urban settings where door to door hygiene promotion is used. Total demand sanitation approaches are mainly for rural settings and aim to move towards Open Defecation Free Communities.
- Sustainable Operations and Management – this component aims to address the unacceptable level of breakdowns and down time for water pumping equipment through setting up of community structures (training of Area Pump Minders and equipping them with the required tools and formation of functional community water pump management structures).